Photovoltaic Modules 

Photovoltaic Modules


Solar Panel Technology

Solar Power Electricity

 

80W 12V Portable Solar Panel Charging Kit for Camper Motorhome Boat RV 80 watt
$260.43 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 11:10:35 PDT
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100W Solar Panel Off Grid 100 Watts Poly RV Boat PV Charger P3X-100
$117.00
End Date: Friday Jun-19-2015 13:15:33 PDT
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2015 4.5W 12V Smart Power Solar Panel Battery Charger For Car Boat Motorcycle14
$20.38 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 14:55:04 PDT
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Goal Zero Boulder 30 Solar Panel XLNT W/ PACKAGING FAST SHIP!
$160.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 18:00:30 PDT
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100 Watt 12V Mono Solar Panel Bundle Kit Off Grid for RV Boat
$159.99
End Date: Monday Jun-22-2015 13:11:22 PDT
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USB Travel Camp Battery Charger 6v 3.5w 580-600MA Solar Panel For iPhone phones
$7.55 (12 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 18:17:09 PDT
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Semi-flexible 18V 10W Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Panel Battery Charger P1
$0.01 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 18:28:20 PDT
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Newpowa 20W Watt 12V Solar Panel + PWM 10A Charge Controller Battery Charger Kit
$66.74
End Date: Wednesday Jun-3-2015 15:20:49 PDT
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Semi-flexible 18V 10W Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Panel Battery Charger A
$0.01 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 19:12:39 PDT
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100 Watt 12 Volt Solar Panel 100W PV Solar Module with Z style Mounting Kit
$105.00 (23 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 19:17:48 PDT
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New Smart 12V 5W Portable Car Boat Power Solar Panel Battery Backup Charger
$21.99
End Date: Monday Jun-8-2015 20:34:24 PDT
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New Sunlight MC3 Solar Panel Power Extension 49 ft Cable Female/Male Connect.
$24.99 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 19:20:09 PDT
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125 Watt 12 Volt Solar Panel - Polycrystalline
$117.50 (48 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 19:26:43 PDT
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12 volt dc 100 watt Solar panel monocrystaline photovoltaic PV Off Grid 72 cells
$127.99
End Date: Sunday May-31-2015 18:51:18 PDT
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40pc 3X6 solar cells kit w/ tabbing bus flux & Junction box DIY 75W solar panel
$57.36 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 19:50:36 PDT
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6 pairs MC4 Solar Panel Cable Connector MC4 Cable Connector Set Solar Panel USA
$5.50 (6 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 19:55:15 PDT
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1- 120 Watt 12 Volt Battery Charger Solar Panel Off Grid RV Boat 120 watt total
$122.50
End Date: Wednesday Jun-3-2015 15:27:15 PDT
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Nice Powerful 12V 200mA 3.5W Portable Solar Panel Battery Charger For Car1
$0.01 (0 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 20:02:12 PDT
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Pack of 250g of Broken 3x6 Solar Cell Short Tab for DIY Solar Panel 20%
$6.00 (7 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 20:31:42 PDT
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12 AWG Solar Panel Wire 100’ Power Cable UL 4703 Copper MADE IN USA PV Gauge
$37.90
End Date: Friday Jun-5-2015 15:34:09 PDT
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ECO Solar Panel 100 Watt Bundle Kit 100W Watts Off Grid 12V RV Boat Home Power
$127.50 (19 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 20:55:36 PDT
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10W Solar Panel W/ Diode & 1 meter cable suitable for 12V Garden Fountain pond
$17.00 (5 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 22:16:22 PDT
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COMPLETE KIT 100 W Watt 100W Photovoltaic PV Solar Panel 12V RV Boat Off Grid
$174.99
End Date: Sunday Jun-21-2015 17:06:58 PDT
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5W 12V Laminated epoxy solar panel with Cable Diode Battery Charger easy carry
$10.50 (7 Bids)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 22:18:50 PDT
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10 watt solar panel
$0.99 (1 Bid)
End Date: Monday May-25-2015 23:59:22 PDT
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DIY 10w solar panel 40pc 52x38 solar cell Kit w/ tabbing bus wire
$7.50 (10 Bids)
End Date: Tuesday May-26-2015 3:35:10 PDT
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100W Watts Solar Panel Mono 100 Watt 12 Volt 12V for RV Boat Battery
$139.99
End Date: Tuesday Jun-23-2015 14:12:44 PDT
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Poweradd Solar Panel Power Bank Charger For iPhone 5S 4 Samsung Galaxy Tab Gopro
$13.50 (11 Bids)
End Date: Tuesday May-26-2015 5:56:05 PDT
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Single Axis Electronic tracker controller for Solar panel Tracker sun Tracking
$2.25 (2 Bids)
End Date: Tuesday May-26-2015 6:31:19 PDT
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SOLAR PANEL 20W 50W 100 WATT 12V Volt Solar Cells RV BOAT OFF GRID Solar Panels
$87.00
End Date: Tuesday Jun-2-2015 13:10:25 PDT
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40 3x6 Solar Cell DIY Solar Panel Value Pack of Tabbed Broken Solar Cells
$8.50 (7 Bids)
End Date: Tuesday May-26-2015 10:14:50 PDT
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10W Solar Panel system kit lightweight W/3A charge controller & 1 battery clips
$44.98 (0 Bids)
End Date: Tuesday May-26-2015 11:23:17 PDT
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100W Poly Solar Panel Off Grid FOR 12V Battery RV Boat PV Charger P3X-100
$117.00
End Date: Wednesday Jun-10-2015 14:05:34 PDT
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40W 12V foldable solar panel battery charging kit for camper,caravan,boat/marine
$170.51 (1 Bid)
End Date: Tuesday May-26-2015 12:41:27 PDT
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NewPowa High Effciency 10W 12V Poly Solar Panel Module Marine Off Grid 3ft wire
$20.50 (12 Bids)
End Date: Tuesday May-26-2015 20:33:53 PDT
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10W Watts 10 Watt Mono Solar Panel Off Grid 12 Volt 12V RV Boat Battery Charger
$39.99
End Date: Friday Jun-19-2015 10:13:21 PDT
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Photovoltaic Modules

 These are assembled sets of interconnected solar cells. The photovoltaic modules are commonly known as solar panels and are used as a component in large photovoltaic systems to generate electricity by using light energy from the sun.

  This effect is called photovoltaic effect. A photovoltaic mainly consists of many assembled solar cells. It consists of a transparent front side, encapsulated solar cells and a back side.

 For one to use the cells in a practical demonstration, the cells must be

  • electrically connected to one another and the rest of the whole system
  • protected from moisture as the corrosion could damage the contacts.
  • protected from any mechanical damage from manufacture, transportation, installation and when in use.
  • Most modules are generally rigid but some are flexible, based on thin film cells.

 Thin Film modules

 Thin film cells are advanced third generation solar cells. The advantage is that they produce high efficiency energy conversion at a lower price.

 Third generation offers among others non semi conductor technologies, quantum dot, multi-junction cells and intermediate band solar cell.

Types of 3rd generation solar cells

  • A-SI
  • Cd Te (second generation)
  • CIGS( copper Indium gallium selenide, second generation
  • Nanocrystal solar cell. Of course the research is quite intensive, so expect unexpected and new emerging technology.

 Performance and life time

 The module performance is rated under Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Electrical characteristic of the module includes

  • nominal power measure in W
  • open circuit voltage
  • short circuit current measured in amperes
  • maximum power voltage
  • maximum power current and,
  • module efficiency

 Solar panels are made to withstand heat, cold, rain and hail storms for several years. Many modules come with warranties of guaranteed electrical production for 10 years at 90% of rated power out and 25 years at 80%. With more research and modern manufacturing technologies - expect prices to go down rather rapidly over the next 5-10 years.

 

 

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Solar panel - Wikipedia, the free encyclope... Solar panel refers either to a photovoltaic module, a solar hot water panel, or to a set of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules electrically connected and mounted on a ...

 

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