Photovoltaic Modules 

Photovoltaic Modules


Solar Panel Technology

Solar Power Electricity

 

1- 150 Watt 12 Volt Battery Charger Solar Panel Off Grid RV Boat 150 watt total
$165.00
End Date: Sunday Jul-26-2015 13:11:06 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $165.00
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Renogy 100W Watts Solar Panel Mono 100 Watt 12 Volt 12V for RV Boat Battery
$135.99
End Date: Thursday Jul-23-2015 14:12:44 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $135.99
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New Smart 18V 5W Portable Car Boat Power Solar Panel Battery Backup Charge
$21.99
End Date: Wednesday Jul-8-2015 20:34:24 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $21.99
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100 Watt 100W 12V 12 Volt Solar Panel Battery Charger RV Boat Camping Off Grid
$135.99
End Date: Wednesday Jul-29-2015 16:30:05 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $135.99
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100W Watts Solar Panel Poly 12V Volt PV Polycrystalline Off Grid for RV Boat
$129.99
End Date: Sunday Aug-2-2015 10:29:08 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $129.99
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Solar Panel 90 Watt 12 Volt Polycrystalline - Free Shipping
$129.00
End Date: Wednesday Jul-22-2015 21:51:10 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $129.00
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Peel & Stick 136 watt Uni-Solar Laminate Solar Panel Flexible 24v Unisolar
$159.95
End Date: Wednesday Jul-8-2015 11:36:33 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $159.95
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100 Watt 12V Mono Solar Panel Bundle Kit Off Grid for RV Boat
$169.99
End Date: Wednesday Jul-22-2015 13:11:22 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $169.99
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COMPLETE KIT 100 W Watt 100W Photovoltaic PV Solar Panel 12V RV Boat Off Grid
$174.99
End Date: Tuesday Jul-21-2015 17:06:58 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $174.99
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30W 30 Watt Solar Panel 12V 12 Volt Battery Charger Off Grid, RV, Boat
$61.99
End Date: Friday Jul-17-2015 13:21:33 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $61.99
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Newpowa 20W Watt 12V Solar Panel + PWM 10A Charge Controller Battery Charger Kit
$77.60
End Date: Sunday Aug-2-2015 15:20:49 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $77.60
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100W 100 Watt Photovoltaic Solar Panel + Free $20 Mount 12v volt Battery RV Boat
$129.99
End Date: Wednesday Jul-29-2015 21:27:21 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $129.99
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Solar Panel Z Bracket Mounting Kit (4 kits) USA
$31.99
End Date: Friday Jul-24-2015 15:41:21 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $31.99
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12 AWG Solar Panel Wire 100’ Power Cable UL 4703 Copper MADE IN USA PV Gauge
$37.90
End Date: Sunday Jul-5-2015 15:34:09 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $37.90
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500 Watts Broken 6x6 Mono Crystalline Solar Cells for DIY PV Solar Panel
$55.96
End Date: Saturday Jul-11-2015 23:37:06 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $55.96
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100 Watt 100W 12V 12 Volt Flexible Bendable Solar Panel Battery RV Boat Camping
$193.99
End Date: Monday Jul-13-2015 16:00:18 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $193.99
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Dow Corning Sylgard 184 Solar Cell / Solar Panel Encapsulation Kit Fresh Product
$48.79
End Date: Thursday Jul-16-2015 17:15:03 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $48.79
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10Watt HYPOWER Mono Solar Panel, RVs Boat,Grade A Cells, 10W Silver
$29.00
End Date: Friday Jul-17-2015 7:23:29 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $29.00
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42 3x6 Solar Cell DIY Solar Panel B Grade Value Pack
$5.50 (3 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Jul-5-2015 14:06:13 PDT
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12 volt dc 100 watt Solar panel polycrystaline photovoltaic PV Off Grid 36 cells
$129.99
End Date: Wednesday Jul-22-2015 15:17:23 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $129.99
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Outdoor Solar Powered Led Lighting Bulb System Solar Panel Home System Kit US
$43.74
End Date: Friday Jul-24-2015 19:10:59 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $43.74
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Goal Zero Boulder 15 solar panel
$80.00
End Date: Sunday Aug-2-2015 1:01:52 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $80.00
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Solar Attic Fan 35 Watt Solar Panel & Fan CFM 2150
$109.95
End Date: Wednesday Jul-29-2015 19:09:19 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $109.95
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Solar Panel Cable 8 AWG - MC4 PV Extension- 30FT - 600VDC - PV Wire - UL 4703
$25.99
End Date: Wednesday Jul-15-2015 10:37:44 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $25.99
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Sun Solar Tracker Controller For Solar Panel System Auto Return
$35.00
End Date: Wednesday Jul-8-2015 8:00:37 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $35.00
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Solar Panel & USB 8'' Mini Fan for Outdoor Camping Home Cooling
$27.99
End Date: Saturday Aug-1-2015 2:49:46 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $27.99
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Glow Tech 20 Watt Solar Panel 12V 20W
$45.00
End Date: Sunday Jul-12-2015 9:21:55 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $45.00
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18V 14W Portable Folding Solar Panel Battery Charger Backup For Laptops/Computer
$60.99
End Date: Thursday Jul-16-2015 18:47:17 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $60.99
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500 Watt DIY Solar- 6x6 Mono Cells for DIY Solar Panel High Power Mono Cells
$199.80
End Date: Sunday Jul-26-2015 21:09:52 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $199.80
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20w 12v attic fan round solar panel solarland frameless
$79.99
End Date: Tuesday Jul-7-2015 8:05:17 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $79.99
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25W Watt Mono Solar Panel Off Grid 22.64V RV Boat Battery Charger
$42.50
End Date: Friday Jul-31-2015 15:16:46 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $42.50
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USED KYOCERA 120 Watt 12 Volt Solar Panel Panels 120Watts W PV * Working!
$117.50
End Date: Tuesday Jul-14-2015 16:55:42 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $117.50
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10 AWG Solar Panel Wire 100’ Power Cable UL 4703 Copper MADE IN USA PV Gauge
$59.00
End Date: Tuesday Aug-4-2015 8:41:26 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $59.00
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100 WATT MONO SOLAR PANEL (( PICK UP ONLY))
$90.00
End Date: Monday Jul-6-2015 6:25:06 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $90.00
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2- 150 Watt 12 Volt Battery Charger Solar Panel Off Grid RV Boat 300 watt total
$330.00
End Date: Wednesday Jul-29-2015 10:09:11 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $330.00
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Solar Panel Universal Single Arm Pole - Wall Mounting Kit
$35.99
End Date: Saturday Jul-11-2015 14:14:17 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $35.99
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Photovoltaic Modules

 These are assembled sets of interconnected solar cells. The photovoltaic modules are commonly known as solar panels and are used as a component in large photovoltaic systems to generate electricity by using light energy from the sun.

  This effect is called photovoltaic effect. A photovoltaic mainly consists of many assembled solar cells. It consists of a transparent front side, encapsulated solar cells and a back side.

 For one to use the cells in a practical demonstration, the cells must be

  • electrically connected to one another and the rest of the whole system
  • protected from moisture as the corrosion could damage the contacts.
  • protected from any mechanical damage from manufacture, transportation, installation and when in use.
  • Most modules are generally rigid but some are flexible, based on thin film cells.

 Thin Film modules

 Thin film cells are advanced third generation solar cells. The advantage is that they produce high efficiency energy conversion at a lower price.

 Third generation offers among others non semi conductor technologies, quantum dot, multi-junction cells and intermediate band solar cell.

Types of 3rd generation solar cells

  • A-SI
  • Cd Te (second generation)
  • CIGS( copper Indium gallium selenide, second generation
  • Nanocrystal solar cell. Of course the research is quite intensive, so expect unexpected and new emerging technology.

 Performance and life time

 The module performance is rated under Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Electrical characteristic of the module includes

  • nominal power measure in W
  • open circuit voltage
  • short circuit current measured in amperes
  • maximum power voltage
  • maximum power current and,
  • module efficiency

 Solar panels are made to withstand heat, cold, rain and hail storms for several years. Many modules come with warranties of guaranteed electrical production for 10 years at 90% of rated power out and 25 years at 80%. With more research and modern manufacturing technologies - expect prices to go down rather rapidly over the next 5-10 years.

 

 

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Solar Panels from Wholesale So... Buy solar panels by pallet or in complete packages for offgrid & gridtie solar power. Free solar system design for DIY. Wholesale pricing for installers.
Solar System Sc... Online 3D simulation of the Solar System and night sky in real time - the Sun, planets, dwarf planets, comets, stars and constellations
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